Gorilla trekking sectors in bwindi impenetrable national park

 Gorilla trekking sectors in bwindi impenetrable national park

 Gorilla trekking sectors in bwindi impenetrable national park: Bwindi impenetrable national park is one of the most visited gorilla destination located in southwestern Uganda in Kanungu district along Democratic Republic of Congo border. The national park was gazetted in 1991 mainly to conserve the endangered mountain gorillas and in 1994 it was listed as a UNESCO world heritage site because of its biological richness. Bwindi impenetrable national park harbors half of the world’s mountain gorillas and about 19 habituated gorilla families which are available for trekking daily.

Sectors in Bwindi impenetrable national park

Gorilla trekking in Bwindi impenetrable national park is the most famous activity where visitors move into the dense tropical rainforests in search of the habituated gorilla families and once found spend one hour with them in their natural habitat. Gorilla trekking in Bwindi impenetrable national park is done in four sectors namely

Buhoma sector

This is a gorilla trekking sector that is located in the northern part of Bwindi impenetrable national park and it’s the most visited sector in the park because due to its easy accessibility from different areas. Buhoma sector is a home of 4 habituated gorilla families which include

Mubare gorilla family, the gorilla family was the first gorilla group to be habituated in the national park. Mubare family was named after Mubare hill where it was first sighted by trackers and it’s now comprised of 9 members.

Habinyanja gorilla family, the gorilla group was named after Nyanja which means a water pond where it was first sighted by trackers. The gorilla group had about 30 individuals including Mugurusi silverback who was the leader of the group after habituation and after his death the group was led by two brothers who later separated in 2002. Habinyanja family is now comprised of 18 members with 2 silverbacks.

Rushegura gorilla family, this gorilla family split from Habintyanja group in 2002 with 8 members under the leadership of Mwirima silverback who later died in 2014 and currently the group is now comprised of 16 members.

Katwe gorilla family, this is one of the newest habituated gorilla families and the group is comprised of 7 individuals including 1 silverback, 4 adult females and 2 babies.

Rushaga sector

Rushaga is another gorilla trekking sector that is located in the southern part of Bwindi impenetrable national park. Rushaga sector is among the most visited gorilla sectors in that it harbors the highest number of habituated gorilla families including

Mishaya gorilla family, the gorilla group was named after Mishaya silverback which split from Nshongi gorilla family with 7 members in 2010 to form his own gorilla group. Mishaya gorilla group is now comprised of 12 members with 3 infants.

Nshongi gorilla family, Nshongi gorilla family was the largest group after habituation in that it had about 36 members but after some time Mishaya silverback broke off to form his own group and now the group is comprised of 25 members including 3 sub silverbacks, 4 black backs, 7 adult females, 6 juveniles, 4 infants and the dominant silverback Nshongi.

Bweza gorilla family, the gorilla group also split from Nshongi gorilla family with 8 members in 2013. The gorilla group is currently comprised of 12 members including 2 silverbacks, Kakono silverback who is the dominant leader and another one, 4 black backs 3 adult females, 2 infants, 1 sub-adult.

Kahungye gorilla family, the gorilla family was opened for trekking in 2011 and due to fights and misunderstandings, the group split to form another gorilla family called Busingye and it’s now comprised of 13 including a dominant silverback Rumansi.

Busingye gorilla family, the gorilla group split from Kahungye group in 2012 and it’s named after the dominant silverback Busingye which implies peace. Busingye silverback is known for stealing female gorillas from other groups and the group is now comprised of 8 members.

Mucunguzi gorilla family, the group was named after the dominant silverback Mucunguzi and the name means savior. The silverback belonged to Bweza family where he was the third in command and after a fight the silverback took some members to form his own group which is comprised of 8 members including 1 silverback.

Rwigi gorilla family, this is one of the newest gorilla families in Rushaga sector and it’s a break off from Kahungye family. The group was named after the dominant silverback Rwigi and the group is currently comprised of 6 members including 1 silverback, 1 baby, 2 juveniles and 3 adult females.

Bikyingi gorilla family, the gorilla group was habituated in 2012 along with Bushaho family in Nkuringo sector, the gorilla family is made up of 15 members including 1 silverback, 5 adult females, 2 semi adults, 2 juveniles and 5 infants.

Ruhija sector

This is another gorilla sector situated in the eastern part of Bwindi impenetrable national park. Gorilla trekking in Ruhija sector is carried out on 4 habituated gorilla families namely

Bitukura gorilla family, the group was named after a river where it was first sighted by trackers. The gorilla family is comprised of 13 members including 4 silverbacks which include Rukumu, Karamuzi, Rukara and Ndahura who is the dominant leader.

Oruzogo gorilla family, this gorilla family is comprised of 23 members including the dominant silverback and it was open for trekking in 2012.

Kyaguriro gorilla family, the gorilla group was first habituated in 1999 and reserved for research but later opened for trekking by visitors. Kyaguriro gorilla family is comprised of 15 members with 2 silverbacks.

Mukiza gorilla family, this is the newest habituated gorilla families in Ruhija sector that split from Kyaguriro family. The gorilla group is comprised of 10 individuals with 1 silverback, 4 adult females, 4 infants and 1 sub adult.

Nkuringo sector   

Nkuringo gorilla family, the gorilla group derives its name from Nkuringo hill where it was first sighted by trackers. Nkuringo was the first group to be habituated in Nkuringo sector in 2004 and after habituation it was under the leadership of Nkuringo silverback which later died in 2008 leaving 2 silverback’s Safari and Rafiki, the gorilla group is now comprised of 19 members with 2 silverbacks.

Bushaho gorilla family, the gorilla group was habituated at the same time with Bikyingi gorilla group in Rushaga sector and it’s comprised of 11 members including 1 silverback Bahati also the dominant leader, 4 adult females, 2 semi-adult females, 1 black back and 3 infants.

Christmas gorilla family, this is the newest habituated gorilla family and it derives its name from a dominant silverback that was born on Christmas day. The gorilla group is currently comprised of 9 members but only 6 members are the ones viewed during trekking.

When to visit the gorilla trekking sectors in Bwindi impenetrable national park

Gorilla trekking in Bwindi impenetrable national park sectors can be done anytime throughout the year though the best time is during the dry season in the months of June to September and December to February. During the dry season there is less rainfall in the forest therefore access roads to the gorilla trekking sectors will be passable, there will be short shrubs and bushes in the park which enables you to clearly view the mountain gorillas and the gorilla trekking trails will be dry and passable hence making gorilla trekking successful.

How to get to Bwindi impenetrable national park

The national park is located in south western Uganda and can be accessed by road and air transport means

Air transport

There are domestic companies in Uganda for example Aerolink which operates scheduled and chartered flights daily from Entebbe airport or Kajansi airfield to Kihihi airstrip and then connect by road to the sector where you will be trekking from.

Bwindi impenetrable national park can also be accessed from Kigali Rwanda and when using this route, you will fly to Kigali international airport and then connect by road via Cyanika border in Kisoro or Katuna border in Kabale to any of the sectors in Bwindi impenetrable national park which takes about 3 to 4 hours’ drive.

Road transport

When travelling to Bwindi impenetrable national park, you will drive from Kampala via Mbarara, Kabale and then to the park headquarters of any of the sectors which takes about 8 to 9 hours’ drive.

Bwindi impenetrable national park can also be accessed from Queen Elizabeth national park where you will drive from Mweya via Ishasha sector where you will view to tree climbing lions and then connect to the park headquarters which takes about 3 to 4 hours’ drive.

book a trip